Cyclone Michaung wreaks havoc in Southern India

Cyclone Michaung wreaks havoc in Southern India as it intensifies into a severe storm. Warmer oceans are the primary reason for the storm which is closely linked to Arctic Sea ice... READ MORE

Confirmed: 2023 set to be the warmest year on record

The WMO provisional State of the Global Climate report confirms that 2023 is set to be the warmest year on record, regardless of the final two months of... READ MORE

Colossal Antarctic iceberg, five times larger than New York City, breaks free and drifts away from region

On November 24th, scientists from the Bristish Antarctic Survey (BAS) were astonished to observe an iceberg measuring around 4,000 square kilometers (more than twice the size of Greater London) drifting away from the... READ MORE

World surpasses critical warming threshold for the first time

On November 17th, global temperatures reached 2.07°C above pre-industrial levels for the first time on record.... READ MORE

Unexpected disintegration of ice shelves in North Greenland

Alarm bells ringing as rapid disintegration and weakening of ice shelves in North Greenland is observed!... READ MORE


CO2 Budget Depletion




As it is warming 4 times faster than the global average, the Arctic is a new hotspot for geopolitical tension. Global nations are racing to claim the Arctic’s natural resources and territories as access increases due to melt. In this process, those who rely on the resources and lands, such as Sámi reindeer herders and Inuit hunters, are forced to look elsewhere for livelihoods. 


Arctic change has global ripple effects that disproportionately affect climate-vulnerable regions across the tropics. One example is the melting Arctic glaciers that lead to sea level rise, threatening to permanently inundate Pacific Island nations such as Kiribati and Vanuatu (, 2020). Communal and gender-based violence spikes when households and communities are confronted with conflicts caused by limited resources and displacement, both of which can result from climate change. 


Arctic change amplifies existing conflict and drives geopolitical tension in the region, for example, through increasing competition over access to natural resources and new shipping routes. As the Arctic melts, nations – Arctic and non-Arctic alike – are racing to claim newly accessible natural resources, strategic geographic position, and unclaimed territories (Gross, 2020). Russia and China are deepening their collaboration by establishing a global transport corridor through the Northern Sea Route, which is estimated to be 40 percent faster than the passage via the Suez Canal (Defense News, 2020). The Arctic also contains roughly 13 percent of the world’s unexplored oil resources and 30 percent of its unconfirmed natural gas reserves – “the largest unexplored prospective area for petroleum remaining on earth”, according to Donald Gautier (Gautier et al., 2009; Ferris, 2022). 

Human rights of Arctic Indigenous communities are repeatedly violated, as rights, such as Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC), are rarely applied or enforced when external actors engage in new developments on Sámi lands, such as tourism, deforestation, extraction of natural resources, and even renewable energy projects. Since 2013, Sámi in Swedish Sápmi have protested the prospective iron-ore mine in Gállok on the basis of the lands traditionally belonging to them and that mining will endanger their cultural practices and economic wellbeing. Despite repeated criticism from the UN regarding the threat of mining to reindeer migration and ecosystems, in 2022 the Swedish government granted Beowulf permission to mine (Persson, Harnesk and Islar, 2017; OHCHR, 2022). 

Indigenous peoples are bearing the brunt of rapid Arctic warming, while having done little historically and currently to create the climate crisis. This highlights a gross climate injustice. 


Want to contribute?

  • Do you want to help us make this page more complete? Reach out.
  • Explore our solutions page to find out what you can do.
  • Take action!
  • Stay up to date by subscribing to our monthly newsletter (link in the menu bar at the top of the page)


The following gauges show up-to-date data regarding key indicators in the Arctic. These indicators clearly point to the crisis at hand.

Greenland rate of ice loss
13 million l/s
on average
13 million tonnes/s
on average
Arctic Sea Ice Extent
434,999 km²
below 1981-2010 average on 11-Apr-2024
167,953 mi²
below 1981-2010 average on 11-Apr-2024
Arctic Amplification
4 times
faster than global average
Arctic 66N+ Wildfire emissions
0.00 megatonnes CO₂e
CO₂e emissions in 2024 so far
Arctic Air Quality (PM2.5)
3.12 microgram per cubic meter
on 12-Apr-2024
Global mean Sea Level
since 1993