Extreme heatwave in Siberia

A current extreme heatwave in Siberia is bringing new record temperatures daily. Heat records are being broken... READ MORE

UPDATE Greenland Heatwave

The early warning we issued on May 25th for the first heatwave in #Greenland has occurred on May 31st to June 1st with a temperature anomaly event and high ice melt... READ MORE

NEW – Near Real-time Pan-Arctic Alerts (ARP-PAAS)

The Arctic Risk Platform has a new Pan-Arctic Alert System (PAAS) using operational weather forecasting, satellite and ground observations to deliver updates of a real-time view of unfolding climate extremes. This is... READ MORE


The first moderate heatwave is forecast for Greenland around June 1,... READ MORE

One of Greenland’s largest glaciers is actively melting from beneath

Below the surface, the Petermann Glacier, one of Greenland's largest, is actively melting--from... READ MORE


CO2 Budget Depletion




The Arctic is warming 4 times faster than the rest of the planet. This record warming is altering ecosystems of land-based species globally, and it is increasing the prevalence of infectious diseases that threaten lives and livelihoods across the world. Melting permafrost unlocks greenhouse gases and increases the risk of wildfire. Together, these sources of emissions could contribute as much as 40% of the global carbon budget in achieving the Paris Agreements. 


Climate change-induced events are altering ecosystems of land-based species globally. Some of these species are at risk of losing their habitats and foods. Human communities, in and outside of the Arctic, are also greatly affected by climate change. Arctic change drives extreme weather, drought, sea level rise and vector-borne disease beyond the Arctic, which threaten lives and livelihoods across the world. Without adequate vector control management and vaccine programs, regional warming of 4°C could increase vector-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue fever and Lyme disease fivefold. In 2020 alone, there were 241 million cases of malaria across the world, and 627,000 malaria-related fatalities (WHO, 2022). Daily extreme weather around the world is estimated to take 115 lives and cause economic loss equivalent to US$202 million (WMO, 2021).


As a critical part of the frozen planet, the Arctic helps cool the Earth. It is also storing more than twice the amount of carbon in its permafrost than that currently in our atmosphere. Keeping the Arctic cool is thus key to controlling positive feedback loops that speed up global climate change. 

Even with the vast size and complexity of the Arctic, pan-Arctic cooperation on data monitoring confirms that the region’s terrestrial biodiversity is changing rapidly. Arctic species at risk of losing their habitats include polar bears, reindeer, Arctic fox, lemmings, red knots, and muskox (WWF, n.d.). According to Mora Aronsson, changing seasons in the warming Arctic could bring devastating ecological effects as bird’s migratory patterns now mismatch the new vegetation seasons, affecting their food security (Arctic Council, 2021). Rangifer (e.g., reindeer, caribou) populations have declined since the 1990s (State of the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Report, 2021). 



The following gauges show up-to-date data regarding key indicators in the Arctic. These indicators clearly point to the crisis at hand.

Greenland rate of ice loss
4.5 hundred thousands l/s
on average in 1986-2015
4.5 tons per second
on average in 1986-2015
Worldwide number of disasters
265 disasters
more events in 2022 in comparison to 1970s
183 disasters
more events in 2022 in comparison to 1980s
100 disasters
more events in 2022 in comparison to 1990s
Arctic Sea Ice Extent
605,499 km²
below 1981-2010 average on 04-Jun-2023
233,783 mi²
below 1981-2010 average on 04-Jun-2023
Arctic Amplification
2.82 times
faster than global average in last 30 years
2.57 times
faster than global average in last 50 years
2.54 times
faster than global average in last 70 years
Arctic Wildfire emissions
0.60 megatonnes CO₂e
CO₂e emissions in 2023 so far
Arctic Air Quality (PM2.5)
5.50 microgram per cubic meter
on 05-Jun-2023