The World Above 1.5°C: Flooding Disasters from Libya to Hong Kong

Global temperatures have slightly decreased after a  summer with 36 consecutive days above any previous record, a phenomenon not seen in at least 125,000 years. However, the two consecutive months above 1.5C provided a... READ MORE

Polar Tipping Points Hub in WEF Global Collaboration Village

This week, the Polar Tipping Points Hub was launched in the Global Collaboration Village, a metaverse built by the World Economic Forum in partnership with Accenture and Microsoft, with scientific support from Arctic... READ MORE

Arctic Basecamp Plays Significant Role in New Polar Metaverse by World Economic Forum

The World Economic Forum (WEF) launched the Polar Tipping Points Hub, a groundbreaking virtual reality experience in collaboration with Accenture and Microsoft, yesterday at UN Climate Week in New York... READ MORE

Mind-blowing alarm bells need to be ringing: Antarctica’s ice remains well-below any previous record

“Almost mind-blowing.” That’s how Walter Meier of the NSIDC describes the records Antarctica has set this year.... READ MORE

A rare northern hurricane continues to make records

Hurricane Lee is preparing to slam into northern New England and the Canadian... READ MORE


CO2 Budget Depletion

Sea Level Rise

Global “hotspots” where there is projected to be a significant increase in episodic flooding by the end of the century. This map depicts regions facing potential socio-economic and environmental consequences resulting from sea level rise (Source). It shows where sea level rise could potentially have significant socio-economic and environmental impacts – like risks to assets, livelihoods, and infrastructure. Bangladesh is one example of a country highly vulnerable to the effects of sea level rise – read more about this here.

Find out more about how the Arctic affects Global Risks.

Coloured dots show the magnitude of the projected extreme sea level (ESL) at the coast, which is calculated from a variety of parameters affecting sea level rise, and the blue shading represents the approximate extent of flood-prone areas around each continent. See more on this study from HERE.

These maps show where sea level rise could potentially have significant socio-economic and environmental impacts (eg asset damage, risks to livelihood, etc.).

The Arctic region is warming at least 3 times faster than the global average. This striking and well documented change is driving such global effects as sea level rise from the mass loss of the Greenland ice sheet, and additional warming due to permafrost carbon emissions.

Nearly 600 million people live in coastal zones worldwide. If sea levels rise, they will be increasingly vulnerable to dislocation from these areas which generate approximately US$1 trillion of global wealth (Kirezci et al. 2020).

The Greenland ice sheet is the second largest on Earth (after Antarctica) and holds the equivalent of 7.4m of potential sea level rise (BedMachine v3.- Morlighem et al., 2017). This means its stability – or lack of it – has critical consequences for global sea levels and coastal communities.

The Greenland ice sheet is rapidly losing mass, which contributes directly to rising sea levels. After a period of relative stability in the 1990s, the ice sheet began losing mass at an increasing rate (Mouginot et al., 2019). Record-breaking losses – the biggest since monitoring began in the 1950s – occurred in 2012 and 2019 (IMBIE et al., 2020) contributing up to 1.5 mm per year to rising sea levels. Check the latest data on Greenland here.


The following gauges show up-to-date data regarding key indicators in the Arctic. These indicators clearly point to the crisis at hand.

Greenland rate of ice loss
13 million l/s
on average
13 million tonnes/s
on average
Arctic Sea Ice Extent
2,161,499 km²
below 1981-2010 average on 20-Sep-2023
834,555 mi²
below 1981-2010 average on 20-Sep-2023
Arctic Amplification
4 times
faster than global average
Arctic 66N+ Wildfire emissions
24,865.56 megatonnes CO₂e
CO₂e emissions in 2023 so far
Arctic Air Quality (PM2.5)
4.66 microgram per cubic meter
on 22-Sep-2023
Global mean Sea Level
since 1993